An analysis of household structure and parenting methods in the development of children

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An analysis of household structure and parenting methods in the development of children

Census this month provides new evidence of how much the structure, composition, and life-course of American families have changed over the past 55 years. Poverty figures in the same report show that having two parents may help in keeping children out of poverty, but by no means guarantee it.

And other research shows that the relationship between income and family structure goes both ways: People who are well above the poverty line are more likely to get and stay married.

Inaccording to Census figures from that year, nearly 90 percent American children lived in two-parent families, with only 8 percent in mother-only families.

A miniscule 1 percent resided in father-only families, and 3 percent lived either with grandparents, other relatives, or in other arrangements Census, Byaccording to figures newly released by the U. Four percent lived in a father-only household, still a small percentage but a four-fold increase since Another 4 percent were living either with grandparents or in other arrangements.

Just 68 percent of American children were living in two-parent families. These figures actually understate the extent of change in family life, because children today experience more transitions while growing up than children did half a century ago.

Family structure varies by parental education and income level Of children living with two married parents, more than half 52 percent have at least one parent with a college degree, compared to only 13 percent of children in cohabiting or unmarried parent families and 17 percent of those in mother-only families.

These figures reflect a growing gap in marriage rates by education.

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As late asmen and women with a high school degree were more likely to marry than those with a college degree.

Today they are less likely to have ever married, and much more likely to be divorced, than their college-educated counterparts Coontz, They are also far more likely to have a child outside of marriage.

The relationship between education, marital status, and income is complicated. Employment prospects and real wages for adults without a post-high school credential have eroded more or less steadily since the s, leaving more Americans stuck in precarious, low-paid jobs with few benefits.

An analysis of household structure and parenting methods in the development of children

Only 9 percent of young people from the lowest income bracket did the same ina much more modest rise from 6 percent in These differences point to widening inequality in social mobility in the US today. Better-educated parents are much more likely to bear a child within marriage, and much less likely to divorce, than less educated parents.

Married parents generally have more time, money, and resources to invest in their children, improving their future academic, health, and social outcomes.

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Children born to less educated parents are exposed both to greater economic strain and greater partner instability. Not surprisingly, children living with a single parent are especially likely to live near or below the poverty level. Still, being raised in a two-parent family does not guarantee children economic security.

Almost half of children 48 percent in low-income families, defined as those whose incomes are below percent of the federal poverty threshold FPTand more than one-third 36 percent of children in families living below the poverty threshold, live with married parents.

In fact, the total number of children living in or near poverty — Inan estimated 16 million children, or about one in five, received food stamp assistance, compared with the roughly 9 million children, or one in eight, that received this form of assistance prior to the recession CPS ASEC, So poverty remains a striking problem for American children.

Today, a 20 percentage point difference in participation in extracurricular sports exists for children in families at or above percent The difference between children of two married parents and children with a single parent is only 10 percentage points Hofferth, Although having a second parent in the household may be important, having financial resources may be even more important, and having a second parent by no means guarantees such resources.

Cambridge, MA Hoffereth, S. Children under 18 Years, New Estimates from the United States.

An analysis of household structure and parenting methods in the development of children

The American Dream in Crisis. New York, Simon and Schuster.In , 62% of children younger than 18 lived in a household with two married parents – a historic low, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of data from the U.S.

Census Bureau. The share of U.S. kids living with only one parent stood at 26% in Using the National Survey of Children’s Health, this paper examines the physical and mental health of children by family structure.

Children in step, single-mother, or grandparent-only. From to , the proportion of children living with two married parents fell from 88 percent to 65 percent.

Overall, the proportion of children living in each major type of family structure (two married parents, single parent, and no parent) has not changed considerably since , with. The difference between children of two married parents and children with a single parent is only 10 percentage points (Hofferth, ).

Although having a second parent in the household may be important, having financial resources may be even more important, and having a second parent by no means guarantees such resources. Parenting or child rearing is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to benjaminpohle.coming refers to the intricacies of raising a child and not exclusively to the biological relationship.

The most common caretaker in parenting is the biological . Abstract The controversy of single parenting is one of the major issues occurring in our modern benjaminpohle.com divorce and broken marriage increases, the product is the production of single parents in every community.

Such situation does not only affect the couples, but most of all, the impact of the situation affect the children.

Single-Parent Households and Children’s Educational Achievement: A State-Level Analysis