January As conflict escalatesadversaries begin to make greater threats and impose harsher negative sanctions. There is often a greater degree of direct violence and both sides suffer heavy losses. In some cases, these conflicts spiral completely out of control.
Want to start a startup? Get funded by Y Combinator. We managed to drag a lot of them about halfway to Lisp. Everyone knows who the pointy-haired boss is, right? I think most people in the technology world not only recognize this cartoon character, but know the actual person in their company that he is modelled upon.
The pointy-haired boss miraculously combines two qualities that are common by themselves, but rarely seen together: Suppose, for example, you need to write a piece of software. The pointy-haired boss has no idea how this software has to work, and can't tell one programming language from another, and yet he knows what language you should write it in.
He thinks you should write it in Java. Why does he think this? Let's take a look inside the brain of the pointy-haired boss.
What he's thinking is something like this. Java is a standard. I know it must be, because I read about it in the press all the time. Since it is a standard, I won't get in trouble for using it. And that also means there will always be lots of Java programmers, so if the programmers working for me now quit, as programmers working for me mysteriously always do, I can easily replace them.
Well, this doesn't sound that unreasonable. But it's all based on one unspoken assumption, and that assumption turns out to be false. The pointy-haired boss believes that all programming languages are pretty much equivalent.
If that were true, he would be right on target. If languages are all equivalent, sure, use whatever language everyone else is using.
But all languages are not equivalent, and I think I can prove this to you without even getting into the differences between them.
If you asked the pointy-haired boss in what language software should be written in, he would have answered with as little hesitation as he does today.
But if languages are all equivalent, why should the pointy-haired boss's opinion ever change?
In fact, why should the developers of Java have even bothered to create a new language? Presumably, if you create a new language, it's because you think it's better in some way than what people already had.
So there you have it: If you follow the trail through the pointy-haired boss's brain to Java and then back through Java's history to its origins, you end up holding an idea that contradicts the assumption you started with.
James Gosling, or the pointy-haired boss? Not surprisingly, Gosling is right. Some languages are better, for certain problems, than others. And you know, that raises some interesting questions.
Are there situations where other languages are better than either of them?A definition essay is not a complicated type of task, but if a student finds it hard for any reasons, he/she may contact professional online writing service to let it solve a homework assignment on any topic..
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The aim of this paper is to critically evaluate the rationale behind Giddens’ theory of social practices and offer in depth of complexity and its complex adaptive systems in relation to managing strategic discourse. Several views and ideas have been expressed by many authors and practitioners concerning complexity and strategy.
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While the word “complex” suggests dynamics rising from the interaction between elements, factors, parts, it results in nonlinear and ongoing changes in the parts. Author’s note: This essay originally appeared in The Baffler web-zine July The following was my original submission draft.
It may contain some typos. The Future of the City by James Howard Kunstler One spring day not so long ago, I had a low-grade epiphany walking across New York’s Central Park from my hotel on the more». Published: Mon, 5 Dec The name quantity surveyor conjures up a variety of different images in people’s imaginations.
For some, the term quantity surveyor is an outmoded title from the past.