Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access How Useful Are Marxist Explanations of Crime and Deviance Essay Sample Marxist explanations of crime and deviance are based on conflict and lie on the foundations on their belief that there is a class struggle in society between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. Marxists argue that social control of the population is maintained through threat and socialisation, and threat is the fall-back if socialisation fails. The result of this is a society in which the basic values guiding action support the capitalist political and economic system.
Marxist View on Crime and Deviance Marxist View on Crime and Deviance 8 August Sociology According to Wickhamdeviance is behaviour that violates the standards of conduct or expectations of a group or society.
Karl Marx says that deviance is due to unequal power relationships and is a function of class struggle. Crime, however, is an act of deviance prohibited by law. The conflict theory of crime states that those in the higher social classes will benefit more from the government, compared to those in the lower class.
Thus, conflict will be present in society, and the resulting crime will benefit those in power.
Marxists believe that all classes in society are deviant and criminal. They disagree that deviance is a working class phenomenon, though they are thought of as the main offenders of crime and deviance.
Laws are made by the state, which represent the interests of the ruling class. They note that the crimes of the upper class exert a greater economic toll on society than the crimes of the ordinary people.
Marxists believe that crime and deviance is a direct outcome of the exploitative nature of the capitalist society. According to him, the ruling class exploits the working class. They believe that the superstructure the state, the police, the legal system, the family maintain and reflect ruling class ideology.
The working class is under a state of false class consciousness, and are therefore very vulnerable and easily taken advantage of. Until true class consciousness can be reached by this exploited working class, the ruling class would continue to use crime for their benefit.
Thus, it is those in power who define crime. To reach success, functionalists believe that the correct thing to do is go through institutionalized means in order to access certain goals. However, what Marxists point out is that these institutions are all corrupt, and are just used to secure the superiority of the ruling class.
Thus, those being exploited cannot use these institutions to reach higher up in society. This is why many turn to crime and deviance in order to get what they want. Working class crime is a result of labour exploitation and labour misery.
Hence, theft is an expression of that exploitation and is a political act of the proletariat against the bourgeoisie. However, the ruling class will violate laws will impunity while the members of the working class will be punished.An essay plan on the Marxist Theory of Crime and Deviance – starting with an introduction outlining the Marxist conception of social class and then covering key points such as the costs of corporate crime, selective law enforcement and crimogenic capitalism, with some overall evaluations and a .
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An essay plan on the Marxist Theory of Crime and Deviance – starting with an introduction outlining the Marxist conception of social class and then covering key points such as the costs of corporate crime, selective law enforcement and crimogenic capitalism, with some overall evaluations and a conclusion to round off.
Social Deviance And Social Stratification - Introduction to Sociology Reflection Essay: Week Two I found this past chapters describing our groups and networks in society, social deviance, and social stratification to be very interesting. Crime and Deviance This essay will evaluate the Marxist theory that the ruling class in society decides the law and enforces it, to reflect their own interests.
Marxism is a political and social system based on the ideas of Karl Marx (). Marxist criminology theories began in the ’s.
Course Information. There are many different course topics for you to explore. You can learn about criminology, social inequality, health, deviance, work, identity, and demography.