In the meantime though, I wanted to post this. The new school year is upon us and, as reliable as any other ritual of the new semester, the laments about the deplorable state of adjunct faculty have returned. The specifics vary, but the staffing practices for fycomp are as universal as the requirement. Where there are graduate programs, many sections of fycomp are taught by supervised graduate assistants.
They are anxious to understand what innovations will disrupt existing daily activities and business routines. One of the key puzzles behind these debates concerns the underpinnings of public attitudes on science-related topics and whether divisions in society are largely explained by political views, religious affiliation or educational attainment, or if they are explained by other factors, such as age, gender, race and ethnicity.
For instance, Democrats and Republicans now have varying ideas about the ideal communities to live in and values connected with child-rearing. The issues that seem most intertwined with political viewpoints are those that link closely to contentious public policy debates with wide media coverage, such as climate change and energy policies.
For example, just one-in-ten conservative Republicans say the Earth is warming due to human activity. There is a similar divide when it comes to a policy proposal to address climate change by setting stricter power plant emission standards.
On three energy issues — offshore drilling, fracking and nuclear power — Republicans, especially conservative Republicans, express more support than Democrats.
Democrats also are more inclined to back alternative energy sources, such as wind and solar power, over expansion of fossil fuel production. At the global level, liberal Democrats are more inclined than are conservative Republicans to see the growing world population as a major problem because of the food and resource strains such growth would bring: There also are differences among party and ideological groups when it comes to the role of government in funding science and engineering research.
The Pew Research survey asked respondents to choose among two options: These views differ strongly across the party and ideological spectrum, however. Younger Americans are more likely than their elders to support the idea that parents should be allowed to keep their children out of immunization programs.
These include views about: But, there are other science-related topics about which younger and older adults hold roughly similar points of view. Older adults are less likely than younger adults to say the Earth is warming due to human activity. This pattern holds even after controlling for political party and other factors.
In keeping with this finding, older adults are also less inclined to favor stricter power plant emission limits in order to address climate change.
On energy issues, older adults are more likely than younger adults to favor allowing more offshore drilling and building more nuclear power plants, even after controlling for party and other factors.
Those ages 65 and older also tend to express more support for increased fracking, although age is not statistically significant once other factors are controlled. On evolution, older adults are less likely than their younger counterparts to believe that humans have evolved through natural processes such as natural selection.
These differences hold even after controlling for differences in religious affiliation and attendance across the generations. Older adults are also less likely than younger adults to consider scientists in agreement about evolution.
Older generations those ages 50 and older are more likely than younger ones to say childhood vaccines such as the MMR and polio vaccines should be required.
Larger minorities among those under age 50 say parents should be able to decide whether or not to vaccinate their children.
In a separate Pew Research survey, a similar, though more modest, pattern occurred in judgments about the safety of childhood vaccines. Older adults tend to express more support for using animals in scientific research, when controlling for other factors.
Younger and older adults share similar perspectives about the safety of foods grown with pesticides and the safety of GM foods.
And there are no age differences in views related to government funding of science and engineering research, once other factors are controlled. Other research has shown there is a strong correlation between more education and greater knowledge about science and scientific processes.
Those with more education or more science knowledge are expected to hold attitudes that are in greater alignment with that of science textbooks and scientific experts.
Education and knowledge have been found in prior studies to correlate with interest in and attention to science information. Indeed, analyses conducted by the National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics show that those with a college or graduate-level degree tend, on average, to know more science facts and show a better understanding of scientific processes.
Some scholars, though, have often characterized the relationship between knowledge and attitudes about science as relatively weak. In a well-known meta-analysis, Nick Allum, a professor of sociology at the University of Essex, and his colleagues describe a consistent but modest relationship between knowledge and attitudes about science topics across some studies conducted across 40 countries.
Science knowledge is measured using a six-item index of factual knowledge questions. The six questions can be found in Appendix A and B. See Appendix A for more details. The differences in views of science issues by education and knowledge level are substantial on some topics.The political landscape of Y2K is the focus of this series of slides, which cover the later years of the 20th century.
Charts detail the poverty and social welfare rates in the 20th century, as well as a pie graph displaying the sources. a modest amount this year ( percent). Doing so women’s and ethnic studies centers and programs, and environmental programs.
At some universities, multiple centers address the same issues, requiring duplicate staffing, office space, and funding. Furthermore, there is redundancy between. AAUP President Rudy Fichtenbaum just called my attention to what he called “the best opinion piece I have read in the Chronicle [of Higher Education] in years.” Written by Douglas Anderson, professor of philosophy at Southern Illinois University, “ Clear the Way for .
Education for women remained as it had been since the later Middle Ages—girls learned enough reading and writing and math to run a household, were encouraged to read novels and periodicals, but the schools and universities remained a male preserve.
A Modest Proposal. Andy Smarick. Today. Front. Magazine.
Today. I noticed older women disproportionately looked at my left hand to see if I had a wedding band. welfare, Social Security. Irish: A Political and Social Portrait () devoted only a few paragraphs to women, most often citing their relationships with Irish men or their involve- ment with the suffrage movement.