Understanding complex organizations

Overview[ edit ] Definitions of complexity often depend on the concept of a confidential " system " — a set of parts or elements that have relationships among them differentiated from relationships with other elements outside the relational regime. Many definitions tend to postulate or assume that complexity expresses a condition of numerous elements in a system and numerous forms of relationships among the elements.

Understanding complex organizations

The lower levels are more concerned with hands-on operations. There are rules and procedures that make tasks clear and unambiguous. The midlevel of the organization is where procedures and practices used by the lower levels are generated.

Leaders no longer deal "hands-on" with weapons systems; they deal indirectly with organizational systems, and thus must deal conceptually, using analytic procedures, because they are allocating finite resources Understanding complex organizations competing demands.

Their thinking skills must be rational, critical, and discerning. At the topmost levels, there are more conceptual requirements. Analytic skills alone are not enough because of long-time horizons and the massive scope and scale of resources being committed.

To build long-term vision of where an organization must move over the next 15 to 30 years, leaders must be creative e. Creative thinking is very different from critical thinking. The creative process demands synthesis skills, a willingness to take moderate risks, and a degree of personal comfort and confidence in decision making when exploring the uncertain and unknown.

The functions of higher levels require increasingly long time frames for their execution. There are three reasons why this is so. The first is that the resources committed by consequential decisions are much greater.

All organizations have "sunk" costs. They exist in research and development, equipment, training, and operational procedures. The cost of an aircraft carrier, for example, must be amortized throughout a life-cycle covering decades; the concepts giving rise to this type of system must have arisen out of strategic vision extending over 35 to 40 years or more.

A second reason is that the uncertainties of implementing strategic vision are very great. Research and development on a new system may extend more than a decade. For example, the F will have been in development for perhaps a dozen years when the first aircraft flies. Will it be needed?

Understanding complex organizations

If so, in what quantity? Finally, every organization has both a culture and a well-established set of operating practices and functional roles. They are based on extended training of organization members and long periods of operational experience, incurring both human and dollar costs.

Any change in practices and procedures, if necessary, not only creates resistance from members who, by nature, do not like change, but also increases the financial cost of both re-training and subsequent operations.Topic 3: Understanding systems and the impact of complexity on patient care Why systems thinking underpins and that complex organizations such as health care are prone to errors.

Until relatively recently, Understanding systems and the impact of complexity on patient care. Understanding Organizations in Complex, Emergent and Uncertain Environments by Anabella Davila Et Al.

- Discusses the complexity and contribution of organizational governance to environmental sustainability Understanding Organizations in Complex, Emergent and Uncertain Environments by Anabella Davila Et Al.

discusses complexity of organizational governance. Explain how the properties of life emerge from complex organization. 4. Describe seven emergent properties associated with life. The study of biology balances the reductionist strategy with the goal of understanding how the parts of cells, organisms, and populations are functionally integrated.

Chapter 1 Introduction: Themes in the. One of the major breakthroughs in understanding the complex world of organizations is the field of systems theory. The field studies systems from the perspective of the whole system, its various. Feb 26,  · Basic Understanding of Organizational Leadership.

Featuring James Kennedy and Mahmoud Abu-Khadier. mobile phone, a computer, a vending machine, etc.), managing complex organizations (like corporations or communities) or making predictions in complex environments (like forecasts of the weather, political elections or the stock market, etc.).

Understanding Society: Leaders within complex organizations