What does not need to be cited in a research paper

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What does not need to be cited in a research paper

Massage Science and Mythology The trouble with studying massage Massage can be studied: Do people who are sick or broken get better when massaged? Moyer is a psychologist and a rare example of a real scientist — someone trained and expert in research methodology — who has chosen to focus on massage therapy: I have been talking about this error for years, and have even published a paper on it.

I critiqued a single example of it, and then discussed how the problem was rampant in massage therapy research. Knowing the difference between a within-group result and a between-groups result is basic stuff. There is so much uncertainty that it is fair and reasonable to ask if we can really say much of anything about massage based on such incomplete and imperfect evidence.

What does not need to be cited in a research paper

We can, in fact, but it all must be done with our eyes wide open and a lot of qualifiers and hedging of bets.

Research in the massage therapy field is still in infancy partly due to a lack of research infrastructure and a research tradition. The result is that most registered massage therapists are not accustomed to reading, analyzing, conducting, writing case studies or applying research in their own practice.

I discuss both of these in detail in their own sections below. For instance, there are a few scraps of evidence — not nearly enough, but better than nothing — that rubbing and stretching soft tissue can reduce joint pain and stiffness. For instance, basic research has shown that touch is neurologically complex and probably has many physiological effects.

Skin is fantastically rich in nerve endings — aboutper square centimetre. Sadly, there is an absence of useful evidence on the topic. Another interesting indirect example: And indeed a study of simple, static stretching showed a clear, good effect on heart rate regulation 13 — just from pulling on muscles, which may not be very different from pushing on them.

While many benefits of massage are still disconcertingly uncertain and hotly debated by somethere are two truly proven ones. Massage researcher and psychologist Dr. Christopher A Moyer Perhaps one of the reasons massage reduces depression and anxiety: While not proven as well as you might think, it is a pretty safe bet, 15 and the idea is further supported by evidence that massage therapy may reduces blood pressure 16 17 and helps people to sleep, even when they are under the unusual stresses of hospital care.

Relaxation is an important component of wellness and pain management, and I do not underestimate its value, but it is hardly curative. And, as many critics have pointed out, massage is a super expensive way to relax.

Harvard Referencing: Guide

On average, professional massage therapists charge about a buck a minute — vastly more than millions of people can afford on a regular basis.According to MLA style, you must have a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper.

All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in your main text. Note: the publisher’s name need not be included in the following sources: periodicals, works published by their author or editor, websites whose titles are the same name as their publisher, websites that make works available but do not actually publish them (such as YouTube, WordPress, or JSTOR)..

Publication date. The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an. Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA. Dec 03,  · How to Write an Argumentative Research Paper.

An argumentative essay requires you to make an argument about something and support your point of view using evidence in the form of primary and secondary sources. The argumentative essay is a. In a research paper, you have to come up with your own original ideas while at the same time making reference to work that's already been done by others.

N ADDITION to clinical applications, other applications of psychology with which I have experience are in the areas of aviation psychology, forensic psychology, psychological testing, and research.

Be advised that I am giving examples of ways that a clinical psychologist such as myself in private practice might be of service as a consultant.

MLA Works Cited Page: Basic Format // Purdue Writing Lab